Nonprofit Hospitals Should Address Racial Inequity
Dr. Erica Browne, former ISSI Graduate Fellow, highlights how nonprofit hopitals can address racial disparities in health care. In her opinion piece on a(unt)b(ertha)stories, she argues for accounting for history and investing in communities.
The Legacy of Slavery and Imperialism and Its Relevance During the Pandemic
In "The Living History of Slavery and Imperialism: Healing and Empowerment in the time of Covid-19," ISSI Interim Director Stephen Small recounts the consequential features of imperialism and British slavery in this talk for the International Slavery Museum. Small's keynote lecture on Slavery Remembrance Day also explores the continuing legacy of slavery and imperalism and the strategies passed down throughout the generations by African people including during the time of the coronavirus.
Digital Inequalities in Time of Pandemic
Jeremy Schulz (ISSI Researcher) and Laura Robinson (ISSI Faculty Affiliate) published an article in First Monday with coauthors exploring the risks of COVID-19 exposure for vulnerable groups, and its various intersections with inequalities in access to digital resources. Their article is entitled “Digital Inequalities in Time of Pandemic: COVID-19 Exposure Risk Profiles and New Forms of Vulnerability.”
Antiracism in Medicine
Berkeley Center of Social Medicine faculty affiliate Kelly Knight is a co-author of "Beyond a Moment - Reckoning with Our History and Embracing Antiracism in Medicine," published in The New England Journal of Medicine. "More broadly, we [the authors] believe a new understanding and embrace of diversity are needed...diversity that goes beyond representation to empowerment..." in medicine and public health in order to prevent past consequences of ignorance.
Leading with Empathy and Compassion
Former ISSI Graduate Fellow Zawadi Rucks-Ahidiana, Assistant Professor of Sociology at State University of New York-Albany, has a guest post on the blog scatterplot. In her essay, "facing the fall with empathy," she asserts that universities need to approach reopening campuses with empathy and compassion rather than rigor and normalcy during a time when so many lives continue to remain affected by the pandemic.
Racial Disparities, Economic Hardships, and COVID-19: A Radio Story
Berkeley Center of Social Medicine faculty affiliate, Denise Herd, helps to explain the rapid increase of COVID-19 case numbers seen in the Latinx and African American communities. Herd notes, "The issue is there have been just huge gaps in health that have disproportionately affected ethnic minorities, so the fact that COVID-19 is disproportionately affecting people of color and disadvantaged populations, it’s not news to folks that have been looking at these disparities for many years."
I Can't Breathe
In the Sierra article, "I Can't Breathe," Berkeley Center of Social Medicine faculty affiliate Rachel Morello-Frosch provides insight on the similarities between air pollution and police violence through systemic racism.
How the History of Polio Can Help Find a Coronavirus Vaccine
In "Remembering the history of polio can help in finding a coronavirus vaccine," Elena Conis details how the quick development of the polio vaccine should serve as a warning and a lesson to the development of the COVID-19 vaccine. Conis, Berkeley Center of Social Medicine faculty affiliate, asserts, "If one [coronavirus vaccine] does prove safe and effective, we will face the same challenges we faced then — of making enough to protect the population, without causing harm, and distributing it without exacerbating existing inequities in our society."
Mahasin Mujahid on the Struggle for Testing
Berkeley Center of Social Medicine faculty Mahasin Mujahid, Associate Professor of Epidemiology, was quoted in "Latino, Black neighborhoods struggle with test disparities," an AP article discussing the difficulty of getting a COVID-19 test in low-income communities of color. “It’s the perfect storm as this hits unlevel playing fields all across the U.S.,” she observes.
Retooling Anthropology to Face COVID-19: New Article by Charles Briggs
Berkeley Center for Social Medicine co-chair Charles L. Briggs has a new article in the journal Medical Anthropology. In his essay, “Beyond the Linguistic/Medical Anthropology Divide: Retooling Anthropology to Face COVID-19,” he argues that "the chasm that generally separates medical and linguistic anthropology ... constitutes one of the most acute infrastructural shortcomings that limits the value of anthropology for responding not just to COVID-19 or health 'crises' in general but investigating and analyzing complex contemporary naturalcultural worlds."
Berkeley Center for Social Medicine faculty affiliate Coco Auerswald is the lead author of a report entitled On the COVID-19 Front Line and Hurting, which presents data on the needs of providers for youth experiencing homelessness. The report also discusses the needs of the youth and provides recommendations to better serve youth and support providers
From the cholera epidemics to COVID, racialization of disease is an old trend
A tale of two cities: Stark inequalities during the pandemic and protests
Stacy Torres latest commentary in CalMatters about the stark ethnic, racial, and class inequalities and growing health disparities between two neighboring zip codes in Alameda and Oakland, California, laid bare during the pandemic and protests:
The Structural Competency Working Group, a project of Berkeley Center for Social Medicine, issued a position statement on racism, police violence, and health equity. The statement calls for the end of police brutality and health inequity and provides specific actions divided into intrapersonal/interpersonal, institutional/community, and policy/research categories.
Farmworker Health and Covid-19
Berkeley Center for Social Medicine co-chair Seth Holmes was interviewed by a few news stations regarding his work on farmworker health and the Covid-19 pandemic:
CBS News (Miami): "Facing South Florida: Florida Farmworkers"; NBC News (Fort Myers and Naples): "Immokalee Residents Suffer from Lack of Coronavirus Testing, Poor Living Conditions"; and FOX News (Fort Myers and Naples): "Immokalee Quickly Becoming the Epicenter of COVID-19 Cases in Southwest Florida"
Structural Racism and COVID19: The Political Divide, Re-Opening the Society and Health Impacts on People of Color
Live webcast: Friday, June 26 12–1 P.M.
Recent California data show that citizen perspectives on rolling back shelter in place and other public health provisions related to COVID19 are highly politicized and racialized. This Conversation features experts john powell, Director of the Othering and Belonging Institute at UC Berkeley, Cristina Mora, Co-Director of the Institute of Governmental Studies and faculty affiliate of Center for Research on Social Change, and Mahasin Mujahid, Epidemiologist, School of Public Health, and faculty affiliate of Berkeley Center for Social Medicine, who will explore the impact of a polarized society on COVID19, especially for vulnerable populations. Panelists will also discuss public health and social equity measures needed to safely re-open the society to address COVID19 as well as the underlying pandemic of structural racism. In addition, they will examine bridging policies that can help overcome societal divisions and promote health justice for all.
Among the reasons COVID-19 is worse for black communities: Police violence
Berkeley Center for Social Medicine faculty affiliate Denise Herd is quoted in this Berkeley News article about her work on police violence, a largely unexamined factor in high rates of Covid-19 among African Americans. Herd's forthcoming article in Boston University Law Review discusses the trauma and stress caused by police violence in African American communities and the physical toll of that violence.
Survey on COVID-19 Impact on Refugees and Refugee-Serving Organizations - please help spread the word
The Critical Refugee Studies Collective, including Center for Research on Social Change faculty affiliate Khatarya Um, is conducting a survey on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on refugees, their families and communities, refugee-serving organizations and support groups. Please disseminate information about the survey through your networks - deadline is July 1.
Questions? contact Professor Um at firstname.lastname@example.org
How Smart City Planning Could Slow Future Pandemics
Berkeley Center for Social Medicine affiliate Jason Corburn was quoted in a recent Wired article about how smart urban planning could slow future pandemics. Corburn recommends "placing cities’ highest budget, best designed, most beautiful new projects in the poorest, most neglected areas."
Most California voters say coronavirus is increasing inequality
Center for Research on Social Change affiliated faculty Tianna Paschel was quoted in the LA Times commenting on a new UC Berkeley poll finding that most Californians believe that Covid-19 is increasing inequality. "More surprising, she said, is that Latinos were the least likely to believe that blacks were disproportionately affected, with only 18% strongly agreeing, and 27% somewhat agreeing."
I Have No Choice But to Take Hydroxychloroquine. Trump Has a Choice.
In a follow-up to her Washington Post op-ed about hydroxycholoroquine, ISSI faculty member Stacy Torres writes "With hydroxychloroquine receding from the news in the past few weeks, I thought I could give myself a break from thinking about this nightmarish situation for a quick minute. But with this president it seems there is no rest."
Is America Able to Apply Lessons Learned From the Polio Epidemic in the Fight Against Covid-19?
Berkeley Center for Social Medicine faculty affiliate Elena Conis recently co-authored a New York Times op-ed about what to expect when a Coronavirus vaccine finally arrives, based on lessons learned from the history of the polio vaccine.
Professor Conis was also quoted in this Georgia Public Broadcasting article about Georgia polio survivors who fear that easing social distancing guidelines could have severe consequences for the American public.
The Need For a New WPA For the Covid-19 Response
Center for Research on Social Change faculty affiliate Jerome Karabel writes in USA Today on the scale and scope of the unemployment levels -- and a suggestion for how to deal with it, based on the nation's historical response during the Great Depression.
Urban Slums are Uniquely Vulnerable to COVID-19. Here’s How to Help.
New research co-authored by Berkeley Center for Social Medicine faculty affiliate Jason Corburn on how to help urban slums that are uniquely vulnerable to COVID-19 was featured in Berkeley News.
After Coronavirus, Expect High School Dropout Wave. 9/11 Was the Trigger for My Sisters.
ISSI faculty affiliate Stacy Torres' recent op-ed in USA Today describes the COVID-19 school closures as “an educational catastrophe” for low-income K-12 students: "Coronavirus school closings are an economic and education disaster for disadvantaged students, both now and over a lifetime of accumulating inequality... Educational disruptions especially threaten African American and Latino students, as their families suffer disproportionate unemployment and COVID-19 complications and death. "
Coronavirus Appears Twice as Deadly for Blacks as Whites in California
Berkeley Center for Social Medicine affiliate Denise Herd was quoted in a number of articles exploring why COVID-19 appears twice as deadly for Blacks as for whites, including in the San Francisco Chronicle and in the Patch.
As Societies Re-Open in this Pandemic, We Need Social Solidarity to Survive the Summer
Berkeley Center for Social Medicine co-chair Seth Holmes argues in this recent BMJ op-ed that while we must take “physical distancing” very seriously, we need the opposite of “social distancing” to survive this pandemic: "As we approach another month of the covid-19 pandemic, we need social solidarity to protect our mental health... In this time of isolation, we need the healing properties of social cohesion—from a distance."
Public Health Experts Investigate Disparate Impacts of COVID-19 on Communities of Color
In a recent “Berkeley Conversation,” public health scholars offered a critical look at the disparate impacts of the coronavirus on communities of color to explain why Black and Brown people were dying at far higher rates compared to the general population, while also countering narratives that these deaths were biologically-based, or that individual behavior is to blame. The panelists examined the larger structures, including the legacies of slavery, the role of residential segregation, and even the public health field, as causes or contributors of the disparate impacts experienced by those populations. The panel included several faculty affiliates of the Berkeley Center for Social Medicine: Denise Herd, Amani Allen, Jason Corburn, and Mahasin Mujahid. For a write-up and video of the panel discussion visit this page.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020 | 8:00 - 9:30 a.m. PST
Part 3 : Global Responses took place on May 6 and can be viewed here.
Co-sponsored by Berkeley Center for Social Medicine
Sci-fi by the Bay: Bracing for Post-Peak Coronavirus in the Cool, Gray City of Love
ISSI affiliate Stacy Torres writes about how "...rising COVID-19 cases and deaths across California leave us bracing in cities emptied and transformed. We wait to hit peak and steel ourselves for the day after."
Stop hoarding hydroxychloroquine. Many Americans, including me, need it.
ISSI affiliate Stacy Torres' Washington Post op-ed on the devastating effects of hoarding medication during the Covid-19 pandemic: "Media reports indicate that patients nationwide are having difficulty filling prescriptions as hospitals stock up amid an uptick in doctors and dentists taking it prophylactically and prescribing it to friends and relatives who aren’t yet sick... As ripple effects of the pandemic extend, this unnecessary shortage illustrates the sort of needless death, illness and suffering that could result from missteps in public messaging."
BCSM Affiliate Amani Allen Interviewed on CNN about Racial Disparity
Amani M. Allen, Associate Professor of Community Health Sciences and Epidemiology and Berkeley Center for Social Medicine affiliate, was interviewed on CNN on April 11, discussing the racial disparities in the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. "We have seen this pattern of racial health disparities for quite a long time, and we see it across numerous health outcomes.”
What History’s Economy-Disrupting Outbreaks Can Teach Us About Coronavirus Panic
In her Time Magazine article, Elena Conis examines past disease outbreaks like the cholera epidemic of 1832, the bubonic plague of 1900 and, one of the deadliest pandemics, the flu of 1918. She concludes:
“Each epidemic takes place in its own context. The state of trade in New York in 1832—as well as the city’s infrastructure, wealth, poverty, graft and relationship to the rest of the world—played a role in cholera’s spread. The economy recovered then, and has many times since. At the same time, a number of historians credit medieval plague with a role in the collapse of feudalism and the rise of capitalism, so it is hard to generalize about the relationship between epidemics and economies. The national and global financial systems will still exist on the other side of a disease. But no amount of looking backward can tell us what they will look like then—or what COVID-19 might be capable of changing.”
Triage and Health Resource Allocation & Ethics
Barbara Koenig and her team at UCSF Bioethics Program curated a collection of triage policies from around the US and the world. The collection also includes ethics literature related to pandemics and resource allocation. Professor Koenig is an affiliate of Berkeley Center for Social Medicine.
COVID-19 Responses in Right-Wing and Misogynist Communities
From spreading disinformation and conspiracy theories about the World Health Organization, to refusals to respect stay-at-home orders, to amping up online harassment while people are spending more time in the virtual world, the global right-wing has responded to the COVID-19 pandemic in alarming ways. This panel discussion on the state of right-wing and male supremacist responses to COVID-19 with presentations from IRMS experts Julia DeCook and Chelsea Ebin and remarks from CRWS chair Larry Rosenthal is now available for viewing.
Sponsored by the Institute for Research on Male Supremacism
Co-sponsored by Berkeley Center for Right-Wing Studies
Raids on Immigrant Communities During the Pandemic Threaten the Country’s Public Health
Berkeley Center for Social Medicine (BCSM) Research and Policy Analyst Miriam Magaña Lopez and BCSM co-chair Seth Holmes' editorial in the American Journal of Public Health discusses how ICE raids violate public health recommendations, sow distrust in public health institutions, and disobey shelter in place orders.
Unhoused communities and vulnerability: Stacy Torres
ISSI affiliated faculty Stacy Torres' recent opinion piece in Cal Matters states "While Gov. Gavin Newsom’s new executive order authorizes $150 million to increase shelter beds, lease hotel rooms and distribute 1,309 newly purchased trailers, many of the homeless will still be left on the streets with nowhere to go. Unhoused people living on the streets, in encampments, in cars and RVs are among the most vulnerable to infection. California has more than 150,000 homeless residents and the largest proportion of unsheltered residents, who face increased risk of illness, violence and death."
Berkeley Center for Social Medicine is co-sponsoring this series of webinars.
Co-sponsored by Berkeley Center for Social Medicine
Former ISSI Graduate Fellow Victor Rios, Professor of Sociology at UC Santa Barbara, is hosting a free Webinar for Educators on 4/30 how to reach at-promise students during the Covid-19 era. Sign up at http://drvictorrios.com/webinar
This report summarizes the relevant public health knowledge about and policy responses to COVID-19 and homelessness in the San Francisco Bay Area and in six other cities. The report, whose authors include Berkeley Center for Social Medicine faculty affiliate Coco Auerswald and ISSI graduate student in residence Chris Herring, concludes with recommendations regarding testing and housing to protect society’s most vulnerable people and the broader communities in which they live from preventable morbidity and mortality. Video of the virtual press conference is available for viewing here.
Berkeley Center for Social Medicine affiliated faculty Eugene T. Richardson writes in BMJ Global Health, "Mathematical models of infectious disease transmission ... serve not as forecasts, but rather as a means for setting epistemic confines to the understanding of why some groups live sicker lives than others—confines that sustain predatory accumulation rather than challenge it."
In her March 26 Somatosphere article, Berkeley Center for Social Medicine affiliated faculty Vincanne Adams expands upon her recent participation in a radio talk show on the topic of disaster capitalism and the current COVID-19 pandemic, raising the following questions: "Is the COVID-19 pandemic a disaster? If it is, how does it compare to other disasters that anthropologists have written about? Might the lessons learned from other disasters, like the Hurricane Katrina recovery in New Orleans, be useful in understanding the current pandemic? Looking at COVID-19 through the lens of disaster capitalism, for instance, we could explore its roles in the causes, impacts and responses to COVID-19 in the US."
Berkeley News interviewed Tina Sacks, an assistant professor in the School of Social Welfare and faculty chair of the Center for Research on Social Change about how COVID-19 is infecting and killing black people at an alarmingly high rate. An Associated Press analysis has found that, nationwide, about 42% of the deaths from COVID-19 were African American. Black Americans account for about 21% of the total population in the areas covered by the AP analysis.
This essay in The Guardian by Vera Chang and Seth Holmes, Berkeley Center for Social Medicine co-chair, explains the risks that essential workers face with no relief measures in place for them: "While Americans have been instructed to maintain 6ft from others, food workers labor shoulder-to-shoulder in the country’s mega-processing plants. Farmworkers pack into buses to and from orange groves and other harvest sites. They share cramped rooms, even beds, with strangers, and lack ventilation or access to sanitation."
The effect of covid-19 on the food system
As part of a series in the journal Contexts: Sociology for the Public on inequality during the coronavirus pandemic, Kara Young and co-authors discuss the effect of Covid-19 on the food system. They argue that “pandemic-triggered ruptures in our food system shine a glaring light on social relations that have otherwise been invisible.” Dr. Young is Assistant Professor of Sociology at The Ohio State University and a former ISSI Graduate Fellow.
Paid leave for precarious workers during covid-19
Catherine Albiston makes the case for paid sick leave for all workers, especially those in precarious jobs who are least likely to have paid leave. The essay is part of a series in the journal Contexts: Sociology for the Public on inequality during the coronavirus pandemic. “A few weeks of paid leave to recover from illness and care for ill family members may make the difference between bridging this public health challenge and complete economic disaster for many working families.” Professor Albiston is an affiliate of the Center for Research on Social Change.
How the Right is #CapitalizingOnCovid
The Center for Right-Wing Studies (CRWS) is participating in a Twitter Town Hall on Wednesday April 22nd at 4pm PT to highlight how the right is #CapitalizingOnCovid.
During the hour, CRWS researchers and partners will be asking and answering questions about how right-wing movements, organizations, and leaders are #CapitalizingOnCovid in order to consolidate authoritarianism during the crisis, and how we can resist that consolidation and push instead for a feminist, multiracial, liberal democracy.
Berkeley Center for Social Medicine is co-sponsoring this series of webinars.
Part 1 : Basic Needs and First Response took place on April 15 and can be viewed here.
Sponsored by the Institute for Research on Male Supremacism
Co-sponsored by Berkeley Center for Right-Wing Studies
Historical Perspectives on the Pandemic
In an article entitled “Generation C has Nowhere to Turn,” Amanda Mull, a staff writer for The Atlantic, interviewed Professor Elena Conis, a historian of medicine and public health and an affiliate of ISSI’s Berkeley Center for Social Medicine. “Once people are let out into the world to rejoin their lives, the pandemic will continue to harm them for years to come. ‘Epidemics are really bad for economies,' says Elena Conis, a historian of medicine and public health at UC Berkeley.... ‘We’re going to see a whole bunch of college graduates and people finishing graduate programs this summer who are going to really struggle to find work…. There are aspects of history that repeat themselves, but what’s more true is that every epidemic takes place in its own context. This is a unique viral agent and a unique social and cultural context, and economic context, too.'" Dr. Conis was also featured in an ABC7 news article entitled, "Coronavirus Pandemic: UC Berkeley historian draws similarities between COVID-19 and polio epidemic of the 1950s."
ISSI's Berkeley Center for Social Medicine co-chair Seth Holmes co-authored this opinion piece in The Globe Post explaining that "when agents dressed in 'Police/ICE' jackets show up at apartment complexes... the highly visible presence of ICE greatly amplifies undocumented immigrants’ fear that seeking needed medical care – including testing for COVID-19 – will make them targets for arrest and deportation and jeopardize any future chance of getting a green card".
ISSI faculty in residence Stacy Torres' San Francisco Chronicle op-ed poses some of the mental health concerns raised in the wake of social distancing, particularly for elders, noting that "social isolation leaves elders vulnerable to negative health outcomes such as cognitive decline, heart disease and depression, which suppresses the immune system".
ISSI graduate student in residence Kamala Russell's recent blog post in the Medical Anthropology Quarterly discusses how "intercorporeal space is a highly complex and affectively laden site of social practice... maneuvering in space depends on a moving body’s attunement to other moving bodies and surfaces in the environment: not static measurements. These meanings and attunements are typically employed in managing social interactions: making, breaking, or modulating a communicative channel with someone. Social distancing then, requires more than just measuring six feet of distance, it requires actively ‘making space’ in ways that come into conflict with ingrained conventions regarding speaking to others."
What toilet paper and diapers teach us in the tumult of the coronavirus pandemic
Jennifer Randles, Associate Professor of Sociology at CSU Fresno and former ISSI Graduate Fellow, draws on her research on diaper needs in this Fresno Bee op-ed. She suggests, "Something positive can come out of this much criticized and ridiculed rush on toilet paper. Perhaps we’ll develop more empathy and better social safety net policies for those in need who persistently lack access to basic hygiene items like diapers — and toilet paper."
Uber drivers are being forced to choose between risking Covid-19 or starvation
These are extremely trying times for all of us...but for so-called "gig workers" without work or access to the safety net, the coronavirus pandemic is devastating. In this essay in The Guardian, Veena Dubal and co-author Meredith Whittaker wrote about the situation...and what it is going to take to support these low income immigrant workers & their families during this time. Dubal is Associate Professor at UC Hastings and a former ISSI Graduate Fellow.
Free e-books for youth, teachers, and parents, during the pandemic
Victor Rios is giving free digital, on-line access to three books he has authored or co-authored: Street Life (book for youth), My Teacher Believes in Me (book for educators), and Buscando Vida (book for parents in Spanish). To get the book(s) go to www.drvictorrios.com and click on the “contact” button. Under “event title” write the name of the book you want access to. Under “event description” briefly explain why you want a copy of the book. Rios is Professor of Sociology at UC Santa Barbara and a former ISSI Graduate Fellow.
Seth Holmes' March 29, 2020 article in Salon shares the experiences of many doctors and nurses trying to care for their patients despite critical shortages. Holmes and co-author Liza Buchbinder show that when our leaders de-fund the health system that protects us all, millions of doctors, nurses, patients, and families are put at risk. Holmes is Co-Chair of ISSI's Berkeley Center for Social Medicine.
As world struggles to stop deaths, far right celebrates COVID-19
Cynthia Miller-Idriss spoke to Al Jazeera about far-right hardliners welcoming the COVID-19 crisis: "The situation is ripe for exploitation by the far right," according to Miller-Idriss, American University sociologist and an affiliated faculty member of ISSI's Center for Right-Wing Studies. Aside from feeding into "accelerationist and apocalyptic ideas," Miller-Idriss said, "The uncertainty the pandemic creates creates fertile ground for claims about the need for change or the solutions the far right purports to offer."
What the “Global North” needs to learn about COVID-19
In this blog post in British Medical Journal Global Health, BCSM faculty affiliate Sriram Shamasunder and co-authors discuss concrete steps that can be taken and the many lessons that U.S. health workers can learn from their international colleagues around the world.